After surgery, the affected area is usually immobilized and protected with a bandage, splint, surgical shoe, or cast. Any stitches must be kept clean and dry. To reduce pain and swelling, elevation and ice are required; anti-inflammatory medication may be recommended or prescribed (always check with a doctor before taking any medication). The foot or ankle should be rested and not bear weight for several weeks, in most cases. Physical therapy is performed to speed recovery, healing, and functionality. Orthotics and special footwear may be necessary post-surgery.