Turf Toe

Turf toe is a sprained joint in the big toe due to excessive upward bending. It is usually a sports injury that occurs as a result of jamming the toe suddenly or pushing off repetitively while running or jumping. Athletes who play sports on turf surfaces, such as football and soccer, are prone to turf […]

Subungal Exotosis

Subungal exotosis is a bony projection, or bone spur, that forms underneath the big toenail. It usually occurs on the big toe as a result of injury or trauma such as crushing the toe. Subungal extoses are painful because the affected area on the outside of the big toe is subjected to pressure from walking […]

In-Toeing and Out-Toeing

In-toeing is when the feet turn inward instead of pointing straight ahead when walking or running. Out-toeing is when the feet point outward instead of straight ahead when walking or running. The conditions are generally painless. Concerns from mispositioning of the feet when walking are an unsteady gait that can lead to tripping, stumbling, and […]

General Toe Deformities

Toe deformities such as hammertoes, claw toes, mallet toes, and overlapping and underlapping toes can be congenital, inherited, or develop over time as a result of an injury, recurring pressure, or degenerative disease. Deformities to toe joints can cause pain and impaired function. Individuals with foot and toe structure abnormalities, such as long toes and […]

Overlapping and Underlapping Toes

Have you ever noticed that your toes don’t sit straight? Do they criss-cross with each other? If this is the case, you may have overlapping or underlapping toes. These conditions are typically the result of bone and muscle deformities that are usually present at birth, however, the exact cause is usually unknown. Typically these two […]

Hammertoe

Hammertoe is known as an abnormality of the toes that are considered deformities. They often do not straighten out, and this can cause mild to severe pain and discomfort. The muscle and tendon imbalance often leads to bending of the toes. When wearing shoes, the pain and irritation can increase especially if the shoes are […]

Hallux Varus

Hallux varus is a deformity of the big toe joint that results in the big toe pointing outward, or away from the other toes, whereas a bunion would cause the big toe to lean inward. Hallux varus can be congenital, or it can occur from overcorrective bunion surgery, a tight or short abductor hallucis tendon, […]

Hallux Limitus

Hallux limitus, an arthritic condition of the hallux, or big toe, involves stiffness in the joint at the base of the big toe. Abnormal alignment of the first metatarsal bone is usually the cause of the condition that restricts motion. Injury, overuse, and genetics are other reasons for the development of hallux limitus. Symptoms include […]

Enchondroma

Enchondromas develop in the bone underneath the toenail and are small, benign growths composed of cartilage. The tumors are composed of cartilage that forms in the bone and are usually painless, which is why they often go undiagnosed unless they are revealed during X-rays or screenings done for other diagnoses. Enchondromas that form at the […]

Claw Toe

Claw toe is a condition that is contracted in the middle and end joints of the toe. This condition can occur in any of your toes beside the big toe. If left untreated, it could lead to a severe amount of pain and pressure. We refer to this condition as claw toe due to the […]