Tarsal Coalition

Tarsal coalition is when the two bones in the back of the foot (the tarsal bones) are abnormally connected. This causes a severe flat foot which can lead to pain or limited motion. The two bones grow into each other and become connected by tissue or cartilage. This condition is rare and occurs in 1 […]


Spurs are outgrowths of bone. In the feet, they most commonly occur in the heel, but they can also grow near the toes and on the joint of the big toe. The spurs usually develop in areas subjected to constant pressure. Bone spurs can become problematic when pain and other foot problems crop up as […]

Overlapping and Underlapping Toes

Have you ever noticed that your toes don’t sit straight? Do they criss-cross with each other? If this is the case, you may have overlapping or underlapping toes. These conditions are typically the result of bone and muscle deformities that are usually present at birth, however, the exact cause is usually unknown. Typically these two […]


Metatarsalgia is characterized by acute pain in the ball of the upper foot region, or the area between the foot’s arch and toes. There are five metatarsal bones running down the middle of the foot from the toes to the ankle; when one of the nerves between the metatarsals becomes inflamed, metatarsalgia and its accompanying […]

Mallet Toe

What is Mallet Toe? Mallet toe is diagnosed when the joint at the end on your toe buckles. This is most common with your second toe because it’s the longest, and it is considered to be unbelievably painful. There are two different types of mallet toe, flexible and rigid. Flexible mallet toe is when it’s […]

Jackson-Weiss Syndrome

Jackson-Weiss Syndrome is a rare genetic disorder affecting a child’s head, facial area, and feet. The characteristics that occur include malformation in all three previously mentioned areas. It is caused by a genetic mutation within the FGFR2 gene. Characteristics of the affected areas usually occur in the head or feet. The foot abnormalities tend to […]


Hammertoe is known as an abnormality of the toes that are considered deformities. They often do not straighten out, and this can cause mild to severe pain and discomfort. The muscle and tendon imbalance often leads to bending of the toes. When wearing shoes, the pain and irritation can increase especially if the shoes are […]

What is Hallux Varus?

Hallux Varus is a condition in which the big toe points outward and away from the other toes.  This deformity is characterized by the joint where the big toe (hallux) is deviated towards the middle, away from other toes. Hallux varus can cause pain, can displace and cause discomfort in the little toes and can […]

Hallux Limitus

Hallux limitus, an arthritic condition of the hallux, or big toe, involves stiffness in the joint at the base of the big toe. Abnormal alignment of the first metatarsal bone is usually the cause of the condition that restricts motion. Injury, overuse, and genetics are other reasons for the development of hallux limitus. Symptoms include […]

Haglund’s Deformity

Haglund’s Deformity occurs when your back heel becomes enlarged and inflamed, as well as causing inflammation of the bursa (bursitis). Due to the type of shoes you may be wearing, the soft tissue located near your Achilles tendon will become irritated by the friction of your shoes rubbing against the boney enlargement. The deformity could […]